russie population 2020

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[111] Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits[124] and 17.1 million within the urban area.[125]. [47], There are an estimated four million illegal immigrants from the ex-Soviet states in Russia. total literacy: 99.7% (2015) The Russian Ministry of Economic Development expressed hope that by 2020 the population would stabilize at 138–139 million, and by 2025, to increase again to its present-day status of 143–145, also raising the life expectancy to 75 years. A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population. Emigration was the most important factor for Germans, Jews and Baltic peoples (Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians). [110] Estimates of practicing worshipers are: In all, the number of deaths exceeded the number of births by 1.3 times, down from 1.5 in 2006. Relatively few Russian people live in villages—rural population accounted for 26% of the total population according to the 2010 Russian Census. Russia is a highly urbanized country, with 74.2% of the total population (2017) living in urban areas. Median ages are strongly correlated with fertility rates, ethnic groups with higher fertility rates have lower median ages, and vice versa. Many immigrants are actually migrant workers, who come to Russia and work for around five years then return to their countries. This article is about demographics. The second leading cause of death was cancer, which claimed 287,840 lives (15.2%). For the same demographic, this compares to 4% of deaths for the rest of the world. With a current growth rate of -0.05%, it’s predicted that Russia’s population will drop to around 132 million by 2050—a decrease of almost 12 million people. ), Population is heavily concentrated in the westernmost fifth of the country extending from the Baltic Sea, south to the Caspian Sea, and eastward parallel to the Kazakh border; elsewhere, sizeable pockets are isolated and generally found in the south, 8.4 people per square kilometer (2010 Russian Census)[71], at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female Population masculine actuelle (46.3%) ... Nombre d'adeptes ( 15.11.2020 - Countrymeters.info). A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. Other languages are also used in their respective republics, for instance Tatar, and Yakut. The largest city and capital is Moscow, with a population of around 12 million residents. In 1970, the Soviet Union had the third largest population of Jews in the world, (2,183,000 of whom 808,000 with residence in Russia), following only that of the United States and Israel. This led to much higher abortion rates in Russia compared to other developed countries: in the 1980s Russia had a figure of 120 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age compared with only 20 per 1,000 in Western countries. Only 3 million or less than half of all the immigrants are legal. 3.9% of the population did not declare any ethnic origin. So what is causing Russia’s decline? [41], The natural population decline continued to slow through 2008—2012 due to declining death rates and increasing birth rates. In 1990, just prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia's total fertility rate (TFR) stood at 1.89. While it may seem that WWII is in the distant past, the devastating loss of life the Soviet Union took during those years created a “hole” in the countries growth. With a population of 142.8 million according to the 2010 census, rising to 146.7 million as of 2020. The death of 25 … Following the breakup of the Soviet Union and the economic dislocation it engendered, the standard of living fell dramatically. [103], The Kazakhs in Russia are mostly not recent immigrants. While projections into the future of Russia are very difficult, it's estimated that Russia will fall from the 9th most populous country to 17th by 2050. According to the data of the 2010 Census, presented above, 88.26% of the people who stated their ethnicity belong to traditional Christian ethnic groups, 10.90% belong to traditional Muslim ethnic groups and 0.84% belong to traditional Buddhist, Jewish, Hindu and other ethnic groups. [99] In 2015, Ukraine–Russia was the world's largest migration corridor after Mexico–USA. female: 99.6%[111]. By the middle of the century it is possible that more than a third of the population will be over 60, similar to modern Japan. The death rate accounted for 357,000 of these, which is 137,000 less than in 2006. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the population of Russia was recorded at 148,538,000. Russia is home to approximately 117 million ethnic Russians,[19] and about 20 million ethnic Russians live outside of Russia in the former republics of the Soviet Union, mostly in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, as well as in the diaspora across the globe. Russia is one of the few countries with a negative growth rate, declining from an estimated population of 146.3 million in 2015. Major sources of migrant workers but where permanent migrants of majority ethnicity of those countries are virtually nonexistent are in 2013. Chart and table of Russia population density from 1950 to 2020. The number of Russians living in poverty has decreased by 50% since the economic crisis following the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the improving economy had a positive impact on the country's low birth rate. It is the world’s largest country landmass and covers 17.1 million square miles, making it 7.2 million square miles larger than the second-largest country, Canada. 113–131. The Russian economy grew strongly during the first decade of the 20th century, and in 2009 the Russian population saw a small but significant increase. [113] The majority of Muslims live in the Volga–Ural region and the North Caucasus, although Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and parts of Siberia also have sizable Muslim populations.[114][115]. As a result of great emphasis on science and technology in education, Russian medical, mathematical, scientific, and space and aviation research is generally of a high order. The Russian state religion is Orthodox Christianity. One key reason is a ‘war echo’. [citation needed]. [citation needed], The following table shows the variation in median age and fertility rates according to 2002 census.[106]. … While it may seem that WWII is in the distant past, the devastating loss of life the Soviet Union took during those years created a “hole” in the countries growth. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. (life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined), © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Several peoples saw a much larger decrease than can be explained by the low fertility rates and high mortality rates in Russia during the past two decades. During this time, Russia experienced low birth rates and abnormally high death rates.  Azerbaijan: 67,900 The average life expectancy for women held fairly steady at 75 years, but Russian male life expectancy dropped dramatically to 63 years. [100] According to the Armenian government, between 80,000 and 120,000 Armenians travel to Russia every year to do seasonal work, returning home for the winter. note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.). 1927–1959". [73] The only federal subject of Russia to see a decline in fertility since 1999 is Ingushetia, where the TFR fell from 2.443 to 2.278 in 2014. [119] Unemployment is highest among women and young people. Note: Russian data includes Crimea starting in 2014. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. ), Russian 80.9%, Tatar 3.9%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9% The current population of Russia in 2020 is 145,934,462, a 0.04% increase from 2019.; The population of Russia in 2019 was 145,872,256, a 0.09% increase from 2018.; The population of Russia in 2018 was 145,734,038, a 0.14% increase from 2017. ; Russia population is equivalent to 1.87% of the total world population. In total, there are more than 185 different ethnic groups in Russia. Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Combined with this, birth rates fell sharply as well. For example, in 2002, in the ethnic group with the lowest median age – Ingush – women 35 or older had, on average, 4.05 children; in the ethnic group with the highest median age – Jews – women 35 or older averaged only 1.37 children. When controlling for confounding variables, neither alcoholism, poverty, pollution, nor the collapse of the health system explain the high male mortality. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 145,934,460 Population. There is no official census on religion in Russia. Compared to other most populous nations, Russia has a lower TFR than Nigeria (5.37), Pakistan (3.42), Indonesia (2.5), India (2.30), Mexico (2.19), the USA (1.84),[79] and higher TFR than Brazil (1.74), and China (1.5–1.6). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. The following lists all ethnicities resolved by the 2010 census, grouped by language:[citation needed]. Статистические очерки.  Belarus: 27,700 Millions of Ukrainians have immigrated into Russia since the start of, The Sreda Arena Atlas 2012 did not count the populations of two Muslim-majority federal subjects of Russia, namely. Some are close to extinction. страница 38, "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики", https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/Dem_ejegod-2019.pdf, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/Popul2020.xls, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/EDN(1).xlsx, Age structure of the Russian population as of 1 January 2009, Russian Birth Rate above Regional Average, "According To The Latest Data Russia's Demography Is Still In Sharp Decline", "ЕСТЕСТВЕННОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ В РАЗРЕЗЕ СУБЪЕКТОВ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ за январь-июнь 2020 года", "Life expectancy of the Russian Federation since 1950", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни при рождении", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни россиян выросла на 3,7 года в 2011г – Голикова", "Global status report on alcohol and health", Yeltsin: healthier than the average Russian: Poverty, pollution and drink has slashed life expectancy, writes Phil Reeves, "World Development Indicators – DataBank", "National Human Development Report: Russian Federation 2008: Russia Facing Demographic Challenges", National Human Development Report Russian Federation 2008, https://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm, "Владивосток: В России стало больше русских", "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше", "СОСТАВ ГРУППЫ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ "ЛИЦА, УКАЗАВШИЕ ДРУГИЕ ОТВЕТЫ О НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ ПРИНАДЛЕЖНОСТИ" ПО СУБЪЕКТАМ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ, Central Asia: Labor Migrants Face Abuse, Xenophobia, "Central Asian Migrants in Russia: A Heated Debate", "Mapped: Which country has the most immigrants? Russia Population. The causes for this sharp increase in mortality are widely debated. Like most countries, Russia undertakes a census every decade or so. Its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). This makes it difficult to farm and maintain a consistent flow of supplies. [citation needed], In 2006, in a bid to compensate for the country's demographic decline, the Russian government started simplifying immigration laws and launched a state program "for providing assistance to voluntary immigration of ethnic Russians from former Soviet republics". The more recent drop in fertility has been sharpest in the North Caucasus, including in Chechnya where the birth rate fell by one-third since 2010. Assimilation on the other hand slowed down the decrease of the number of ethnic Russians. [17] Consequently, the country has one of the oldest populations in the world, with a median age of 40.3 years.[18]. The overall life expectancy in Russia at birth is 72.4 years (66.9 years for males and 77.6 years for females). Russian Federation - 2020. The turmoil in the early 1990s caused life expectancy in Russia to steadily decrease while it was steadily increasing in the rest of the world. As of the 2010 census, 80.90% of the population that disclosed their ethnicity (111,016,896 people) is ethnically Russian, followed by (groups larger than one million):[92], According to the 2010 Census in Russia lived 142,856,536 people. There are more than 100 languages spoken in Russia, many of which are in danger of extinction. North Macedonia – 20,000 worker arrivals, 612 settled permanently. [22][29] Key reasons for the slow current population growth are improving health care, changing fertility patterns among younger women, falling emigration and a steady influx of immigrants from ex-USSR countries. Население России за 100 лет (1811—1913 гг.). The main destinations of emigrants from Russia are the USA (Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Chechens, Meskhetian Turks, Ukrainians and others), Israel (Jews), Germany (Germans and Jews), Poland (Poles), Canada (Finns and Ukrainians), Finland (Finns), France (Jews and Armenians) and the United Kingdom (mainly rich Russians). Peoples of Central Asia in the Russian Federation, 1926–2010, The 2010 census[citation needed] found the following figures for foreign citizens resident in Russia: It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Ruling Russia: Law, Crime, and Justice in a Changing Society. They primarily live in cities such as Moscow, Sochi and Blagoveshchensk. The Russian state religion is Orthodox Christianity. Gavrilova N.S., Gavrilov L.A. In fact, Russia, despite having only slightly more people than Japan, has recently had nearly twice as many births as that country. [33] As of 2011, the average life expectancy in Russia was 64.3 years for males and 76.1 years for females. Gavrilova, N.S., Semyonova, V.G., Evdokushkina G.N., Gavrilov, L.A. 1913 г. Издание ЦСК МВД. According to a 2004 study, current pregnancies were termed "desired and timely" by 58% of respondents, while 23% described them as "desired, but untimely", and 19% said they were "undesired". [citation needed], In every region in Russia, rural areas reported higher TFR compared to urban areas. 2007 marked the highest growth in birth rates that the country had seen in 25 years, and 2009 marked the highest total birth rate since 1991.[31]. definition: age 15 and over can read and write Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. [39], Other factors contributing to the collapse, along with the economic problems, include the dying off of a relatively large cohort of people born between 1925 and 1940 (between the Russian Civil War and World War II), when Russian birth rates were very high, along with an "echo boom" in the 1980s that may have satisfied the demand for children, leading to a subsequent drop in birth rates. "Potential for alcohol policy to decrease the mortality crisis in Russia", Khaltourina, Daria, and Andrey Korotayev. Firstly the number of people dying increased due to a fall in living standards, and among men who were hit hardest, alcoholism. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Abortion rates fell in the first half of the 1990s for the first time in Russia's history, even despite declining fertility rates. Статистический ежегодник России. In the late 1950s, the USSR claimed a higher life expectancy than the United States,[87] but the Soviet Union has lagged behind Western countries in terms of mortality and life expectancy since the late 1960s. There is a significant inflow of ethnic Armenians, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Tajiks into big Russian cities, something that is viewed unfavorably by some citizens. In 2017, the number of births took a drop mostly due to falling fertility rates, which, in turn, were affected by falling of fertility of 2nd children due to planned but postponed termination of maternal capital program, and falling of fertility of 1st children. [98] In addition, there are an estimated 4 million illegal immigrants from the ex-Soviet states in Russia. While they have found out that a decrease in potential mothers led to a decrease in births and a rapid rise in fertility. Moscow is the largest city in Russia with a population of 12.1 million people, which also makes it the 11th largest city in the world. The Russian Opposition and most of the Russian population opposes worker migration. This means the natural loss of population was about 20% larger than in the previous year. So what is causing Russia’s decline? Ethnic Russians and other Slavic and Finnic groups have higher median age compared to the Caucasian groups. [101] According to the Tajik government, at least 870,000 Tajiks are working in Russia. [111] Only a small percentage of the population is strongly religious: about approximately 2–4%[112] of the general population are integrated into church life (воцерковленные), while others attend on a less regular basis or not at all. [citation needed] Violence, tolerance for risk together with alcoholism reduce the Russian male lifespan. [20] The 2010 census recorded roughly 80.9% of the population as ethnic Russians, and 19.1% as other ethnicities:[21] 3.9% Tatars; 1.4% Ukrainians; 1.1% Bashkirs; 1% Chuvashes; 11.7% others and unspecified. 2005. Population actuelle: 67 911 786. The ethnic divisions used here are those of the official census, and may in some respects be controversial. Low birth rates and abnormally high death rates caused Russia's population to decline at a 0.5% annual rate, or about 750,000 to 800,000 people per year from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s.  Estonia,  Latvia,  Lithuania: 5,300 [citation needed]. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, The population density in Russia is 9 per Km. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100.  Turkey: 5,400 Likewise, the fertility rate rose from its lowest point of 1.157 in 1999 to 1.777 in 2015. Russie Population. [35] A 2008 study produced very similar results. The number of Jews decreased by more than 80% between 1959 and 2010. For example, Zabaykalsky Krai had a TFR of 1.82, which is higher than the national average, but less than the 2.1 needed for population replacement.[74]. In 2013, Russia experienced the first natural population growth since 1990 at 22,700.  Turkmenistan: 5,600 Fertility in Russia. Boulder, Colorado: Rowman & Littlefield Publ., Inc, 117–145. In many of the following years, Russia had the highest total fertility rate in the world. By 2020 around 25.7% of Russians would be over 60 years, which is nearly double the percentage in 1985 of 12.7%. in 2009 the Russian population saw a small but significant increase. [76], Until 2010, the Russian republic of Chechnya was the region with the highest birth rate in the former USSR (excluding Central Asia). (ed.). [50][51][52], Since the collapse of the USSR, most immigrants have come from Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Belarus, and China. Sources - What is a population pyramid? Between 2006 and 2011 the male life expectancy in Russia rose by almost four years, increasing the overall life expectancy by nearly 4 years to 70.3. Migration nette cette année: 215. Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. Emigration and assimilation contributed to the decrease in numbers of many peoples. [80], Data from Federal State Statistics Service in November 2020 showed:[81], Further information: List of federal subjects of Russia by life expectancy, total population: 72.5 years[citation needed] The relative proportion of the peoples of European Russia gradually decreased during the past century, but still compose 91% of the total population of Russia in 2010. 97% of children receive their compulsory 9-year basic or complete 11-year education in Russian. The number of births was expected to fall over the next few years as women born during the baby bust in the 1990s enter their prime childbearing years, but this didn't occur thanks to the continued growth of the TFR. ", "Migration and Remittances: Recent Developments and Outlook", "Armenians Enticed by Russian Passport Offer", "Tajik Official Says Migration To Russia Down", "Central Asian remittances from Russia begin to recover", "Национальный состав международных мигрантов", "5. Due to its northern location, much of Russia’s weather is harsh and unrelenting. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has announced that he plans to boost Russia's dwindling population by encouraging immigration and higher birth rates, but estimates show that Russia's population will drop from 2014's 142 million to only 128 million by 2050. Russia is the most populous country in Europe, and the ninth-most populous country in the world, its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[56]. [90] 2020: 145 934 462 habitants 2019: 145 872 256 habitants 2018: 145 734 038 habitants 2017: 145 530 082 habitants 2016: 145 275 383 habitants 2015: 144 985 057 habitants However, since recovering from the 1998 economic crisis, the standard of living has been on the rise. Uzbekistan 100,000 migrant workers, 489 permanent settlers. The further east you go --to Siberia and beyond -- the less dense the population is. After experiencing a surge in births for several years, Russia's birth rate fell in 2017 by 10.6% percent, reaching its lowest level in 10 years.[32]. The mayor of Moscow said that Moscow cannot do without worker migrants. Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%. National subdivisions of Russia have additional official languages (see their respective articles). [97] According to the United Nations, Russia's legal immigrant population is the third biggest in the world, numbering 11.6 million. From the early 1990s to 2006, the number of expected abortions per woman during her lifetime fell by nearly 2.5 times, from 3.4 to 1.2. Russia’s economic freedom score is 61.0, making its economy the 94th freest in the 2020 Index. The full Russian census results were released in sections throughout 2011 and 2012; these can be viewed at the official Russian Census website (in the Russian language). The authors also claimed the Lancet's study is flawed because it used the 1985 death rate as the base, while that was in fact the very maximum of the effect of the anti-alcohol campaign. As of 2018, Russia's TFR of 1.579 children born/woman[7] was among the highest in Eastern, Southern and Central Europe. The ethno-demographic structure of Russia has gradually changed over time. In 2009 the population saw yearly growth for the first time in 15 years. male: 99.7% The current population of Russia is 145,950,491, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. Russians, Germans, Belarusians and Ukrainians). Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). 15–64 years: 0.4 male(s)/female Aging Populations: Russia/Eastern Europe. It stretches across 11 time zones and shares a land border with 14 different countries. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 65 years and over: 0.46 male(s)/female [102] In 2014, remittances from Russia accounted for around one-third of Kyrgyzstan's and 46.6% of Tajikistan's GDP. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. Russia’s largest cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, have over 17 million residents between them. The share of unexpected pregnancies remains much lower in countries with developed family planning culture, such as the Netherlands, whose percentage of unwanted pregnancies 20 years before was half of that in Russia as of 2008[update]. Naissances aujourd'hui: 1 777 350. In 2012, Russia's population increased by 292,400.[30]. Even when Russia recovers from the war echo, it faces what many developed countries now face: a low birth rate. La population de la Russie s'établissait à 146,78 millions d'habitants au 1 er janvier 2019 sur la base des derniers chiffres officiels [9], [7], en incluant la population de la Crimée dont le statut est contesté. Compared to the G7 countries, in 2015, Russian TFR of 1.78 children/ woman[78] was lower than that of France (1.93), the USA (1.84), the UK (1.82). Naissances cette année: 1 749. Currently, the majority of Russia’s immigrants come from neighbouring countries like Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Tajikistan. 145,934,462. see live. The response of violent mortality to economic crisis in Russia. As of 2004, the share of women of reproductive age using hormonal or intrauterine birth control methods was about 46% (29% intrauterine, 17% hormonal). The current population of the Russian Federation is 145,957,963 as of Sunday, November 15, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.

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