Le erhu joue souvent un rôle capital dans les orchestres nationaux. Standard Erhu and Bass Erhu … Si vous avez déjà regardé un film chinois, le son du erhu (二胡) ne vous est pas inconnu. The maximum range of the instrument is three and a half octaves, from D4 up to A7, before a stopping finger reaches the part of the string in contact with the bow hair. Historic bowed zithers of China, including the Xiqin, Yazheng, and Yaqin, and also the Korean Ajaeng, were originally played by bowing with a rosined stick, which created friction against the strings. The name Huqin literally means "instrument of the Hu peoples", suggesting that the instrument may have originated from regions to the north or west of China generally inhabited by nomadic people on the extremities of past Chinese kingdoms. 2. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. L’erhu (chinois : 二胡 ; pinyin : èrhú, du chinois 二, « deux », puisqu'il a deux cordes, et 胡, « barbare ») est un instrument de musique traditionnel chinois à cordes frottées. La table de résonance peut aussi être faite d'une fine planche de bois, et la caisse faite d'une calebasse ajourée au dos (pour que le son puisse ressortir) ou encore d’une noix de coco. It performs classical Chinese dance, ethnic and folk dance, and story-based dance, with orchestral accompaniment and solo performers. Yang Ying (杨英; born 1959) was the featured soloist for the Chinese National Song and Dance Ensemble (中央歌舞团) of Beijing from 1978 to 1996. Only 19 left in stock - order soon. Le Erhu, ou « violon chinois », a été inventé il y a plus de mille ans. Other solo pieces include Er Quan Ying Yue (1950, Two Springs Reflecting the Moon) by Abing, Sai Ma (Horse Race) by Huang Haihuai, Henan Xiaoqu (Henan Folk Tune) by Liu Mingyuan, and Sanmenxia Changxiangqu (1961, Sanmen Gorge Capriccio) by Liu Wenjin. From January 1, 2005, new regulations also require Erhus to have a certificate from the State Forestry Administration, which certify that the Erhu python skin is not made with wild pythons, but from farm-raised pythons. Cet instrument traditionnel chinois est en effet fortement utilisé dans les bandes originales des films ou des séries produits en Chine, notamment grâce à son son si caractéristique. The erhu is played by moving the bow horizontally over the two vertical strings. Deux artistes célèbres Hua Yanjun (1893-1950) et Liu Tianhua (1895-1932) ont apporté une contribution exceptionnelle à l'amélioration du erhu et ils l'ont fait passer du statut d'instrument d'accompagnement dans un opéra à celui d'instrument solo. The horse hair bow is never separated from the strings (which were formerly of twisted silk but which today are usually made of metal); it passes between them as opposed to over them (the latter being the case with western bowed stringed instruments). Wang also worked with the Beijing National Instruments Factory to further develop Erhu design. Some Erhus are made of recycled products. Dunhuang Yun Rosewood Erhu Chinese 2-string Violin Fiddle Musical Instrument… Le Erhu 二胡 est une sorte de violon chinois à deux cordes, appelé aussi huqin. Capable of making expressive and haunting sound, Erhu … Après la fondation de la Chine nouvelle, la fabrication du erhu, l'art de son exécution et l'éducation musicale de cet instrument se sont rapidement développés. An erhu player usually sits with the instrument on his or her left upper thigh in front of the left hip. It has a history of over 4,000 years, and was an integral part of folk performances, operas, and imperial banquets throughout the dynasties. The Erhu can be traced back to proto-Mongolic instruments which first appeared in China during the Tang Dynasty. $33.17 $ 33. For 5,000 years, divine culture flourished in the land of China. Le tambour du erhu est la caisse de résonance de l'instrument et est habituellement fabriqué de bois de santal ou d'ébène. This resonator is covered with a piece of stretched python skin that produces a unique ‘whining' tone. Il a probablement pour ancêtre un instrument d'Asie centrale ou de Mongolie. He has written many books and articles on Erhu playing and has performed in many countries. Its characteristic sound is produced through the vibration of the python skin by bowing. More recently, the Erhu has appeared in several soundtracks, featuring prominently in the TV series Earth: Final Conflict (played by George Gao) and the massively multiplayer online role-playing game World of Warcraft: Mists of Pandaria (played by Jiebing Chen). On dit que son ancêtre remonterait à la dynastie des Tang (618-907) et l'instrument, le xiqin, à une tribu mongole appelée Xi. Its slender body rests upon the virtuoso’s lap. Brand New Erhu Instrument Chinese Violin Fiddle Huqin W/ Accessories. Très populaire en Chine, il est le principal instrument de musique des orchestres traditionnels et l’un des quatre grands instruments de l’opéra chinois. En fait, le erhu joue le même rôle que le violon dans les orchestres occidentaux. Le erhu s'est alors développé en une " école " différente. The left hand alters the pitch of the strings by pressing on the string at the desired point. La zone humide de l'estuaire du fleuve Minjiang, © Chine Informations, 2020 - Tous droits réservés (depuis 2001), La mandoline liuchin doit son nom à sa ressemblan. Inventé il y a plus de mille ans, l'erhu appartient à la famille des huqin ( 胡琴 , húqín ), les instruments à cordes d'origine « barbare ». She was the undisputed master of erhu for 50 years.. The erhu has only two strings while violin has four. Chie Mukai of the Japanese improv unit Ché-SHIZU also plays the Erhu. La distinction d'avec le huqin est apparu sous les Ming (1368-1644) et les Qing (1644-1911), au moment de l'âge d'or des opéras locaux. The bow hair is adjusted so it is slightly loose. Let’s explore. "Development of the Chinese Two-stringed Bowed Lute. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Shen Yun, or 神韻, can be translated as: “The beauty of divine beings dancing.”, Discovering Chinese Instruments: The Pipa Plucked from the Heavens, Discovering Chinese Instruments: The Resounding Gong, Competition Winners: 'Color With Shen Yun', On Somber Anniversary, Shen Yun Artists Recall Persecution, Great Dads: Two Master Calligraphers - Father and Son, Great Dads: The Father Behind the Hero Yue Fei, Great Dads: How Emperor Kangxi Raised His Children. This is the same as the two middle strings of the violin. The Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra began their research for an alternative to python skin in 2005 and has since designed the Eco-Huqin series, which substitutes python skin with PET Polyester Membrane. By 1958 professional players were using purpose made D and A steel Erhu strings as standard.. It is believed to have evolved from the Xiqin (奚 琴). With the founding of the People's Republic of China and the expansion of the conservatory system, the solo erhu tradition continued to develop. Erhu, a kind of bowed instrument, is the most representative one in the Chinese traditional folk musical instrument. Dans les orchestres plus petits, on a habituellement 2 à 6 erhu, dans les plus grands, 10 à 12. 4. The USS sound is a mixture of drum and bass beats, grunge-like guitar riffs and two-step rhythms. The three most esteemed centres of Erhu making are Beijing, Shanghai, and Suzhou. There is a vertical post with a fingerboard crosses the sides of a resonator at its base. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, All customers get FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon, See the equipment used by your favorite musicians, Roland BTM-1 Bluetooth Speaker with Guitar Input. The Erhu is played sitting down, with the sound box placed on the top of the left thigh and the neck held vertically. Il existe également une version légèrement plus grande et plus grave, appelée zhonghu (中胡, zhōnghú). One major change was the use of steel strings instead of silk. Although most Erhu were machine-made in production lines, the highest quality instruments were handmade by specialist craftsmen. The reason is because the erhu uses Python skin as its 'top', whereas a violin, the top is a wooden plate. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 20 août 2020 à 22:27. The second character (胡, hú) indicates that it is a member of the Huqin family, with Hu commonly meaning barbarians. A notable composer for the Erhu was Liu Tianhua (刘天华/劉天華; Liú Tiānhuá; 1895–1932), a Chinese musician who also studied Western music. Tang Liangde (Cantonese: Tong Leung Tak; 汤良德; 1938–2010) was born in Shanghai into a famous Shanghainese musical family. Also, erhu have the hairs of the bow strung between the two strings, in which both sides of bow hair is used. Le musicien fait émettre des sons en touchant les cordes en différents points le long du cou de l'instrument. An amplified Erhu takes the place of lead vocals. Yin Yan 殷焱 est une joueuse de Erhu du groupe 12... Zhan Li Jun 詹麗君 est une joueuse de Erhu du... Sun Ting 孫婷 est une joueuse de Erhu du groupe 12... Lei Ying 雷滢 est une joueuse de Erhu du groupe 12... "Une jolie chinoise joue du piano, du violon et de la cithare chinoise en même temps", "Les jeunes d'aujourd'hui nés en France, d'origine Chinois se sentent-ils Chinois ou plutôt Français? The first Chinese character of the name of the instrument (二, èr, two) is believed to come from the fact that it has two strings. However, in the 1920s, Liu Tianhua introduced the erhu to Beijing, and since, it has become the most popular of the huqin. Nine Inch Nails bandmember Joshua Eustis has been seen playing an Erhu while on tour, during the song "Disappointed". La tonalité du erhu est douce, incomparable, raffinée et polyvalente. In 1988 China passed its Law on the Protection of Endangered Species after ratifying the UN Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), making it illegal to use and trade unlicensed pythons. A few groups have used the Erhu in a rock context. For many years, he taught at the China Conservatory of Music in Beijing. Erhu, a kind of bowed instrument, is the most representative one in the Chinese traditional folk musical instrument. You’re seeing this ad based on the product’s relevance to your search query. Hearing an erhu for the first time, you will find yourself surprisingly enraptured by its singular sounds and moving melodies. Tang was the soloist and performed at the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra, then went on to music broadcasting and education for the Hong Kong Government's Music Office making worldwide tours and was named Art Educator of the Year in 1991 by the Hong Kong Artist Guild. As a very versatile instrument, the erhu is used in both traditional and contemporary music arrangements, such as in pop, rock and jazz.. But what are these ancient instruments that produce this distinct yet familiar sound? His compositions include Xiao Hua Gu (1943) (Little Flower-drum). Outside China, manufacturers of Erhu can issue their own CITES licenses with approval by governments of their respective countries. On dit que son ancêtre remonterait à la dynastie des Tang (618-907) et l'instrument, le … Such exports are legal as they have been made from legal skin sources. Beijing, Xian, Chongqing, Yangtze Cruise, Yichang, Shanghai, Guilin, Hong Kong, 3 Days Hike the Great Wall around Beijing, Beijing-Gubeikou-Jinshanling-Wohushan-Jiankou-Mutianyu, 13 Days from Li River to the Yangtze Tour, Beijing, Xian, Guilin, Chongqing, Yangtze Cruise, Yichang, Shanghai. The erhu is often described as a Chinese fiddle, in which when compared to a fiddle, it has a relatively different style. . Un manche en bois orné de deux grosses chevilles à l'arrière sort verticalement du dessus de la caisse. For most of history, the erhu was mostly a folk instrument used in southern China, whereas the sihu was preferred among northern musicians. Another group which falls more under Electronica/Drum & Bass is a musical duo from Parkdale, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The move to steel strings was made gradually. He won the "Shanghai's Spring" Erhu competition and continued to be the soloist for the Chinese Film Orchestra in Beijing, his composition and solos can be heard throughout the Nixon to China documentary movie. Jiang Fengzhi (蔣风之; 1908–1986) and Chen Zhenduo (陈振铎) were students of Liu Tianhua, the piece Hangong Qiuyue (Autumn Moon over the Han Palace) was adapted and arranged by Jiang. His works for the instrument include Yue Ye (月夜; Yuè yè, Moon Night) and Zhu ying Yao hong (烛影摇红; Zhú yǐng yáo hóng, Shadows of Candles Flickering Red). Discovering Chinese Instruments: The Ancient Two-Stringed Erhu, Interview with Shen Yun Symphony Orchestra Composer Gao Yuan, Interview with Shen Yun Principal Flutist Chia-jung Lee.
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