Arata Isozaki "International Design Yearbook 1988-89", London 1988. All rights reserved. <. As well as the Musée d'Orsay and the Palazzo Grassi, she designed the permanent collection galleries of the Pompidou Centre in Paris, the Palacio Nacional in Barcelona and, most recently, the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco. During that time she became part of a group of young professionals influenced by the philosophy of Ernesto Nathan Rogers. The architect converted and redesigned the Beaux Arts Gare d’Orsay Paris train station, creating an exhibiting central aisle under a dramatic glass ceiling. Aulenti decided to express her resistance to the indifference towards everything that was negatively regarded as feminine through a trend that was looking for a form of continuity of the liberty style, a reinterpretation of Art Noveau with decorations, a reaction against the legacy of the Bauhaus: the Neoliberty. She was chosen in 1981 to convert the Beaux Arts-style Gare d'Orsay railway station in Paris into a new home for impressionist art. Aulenti was one of the few women working in architecture and design in postwar Italy and her talents found a vast range of outlets, from showrooms for Fiat and Olivetti to sets for La Scala, the opera house in Milan, to private villas for the rich. But her bold additions were not to everyone's taste. Aulenti said she managed to get her way with tough construction crews by making them think of her as their mother "whom they must please", and she had an equally commanding approach to working with existing buildings by revered architects. Women in architecture must not think of themselves as a minority, because the minute you do, you become paralyzed. In her hands, product display was elevated into a kind of theatre. Precious Plastic just released a brick made from 100% recycled plastic to... DesignWanted invited MuDD Architects to write a series of articles on the... A degree in language, society and communication, a passion for fashion and design, an obsession for ice cream. Throughout the 60s and 70s, Aulenti produced furniture for Milan's major design houses, including Knoll, Zanotta and Kartell, as well as lighting for Artemide, Stilnovo and Martinelli Luce. Gae Aulenti (pronounced [ˈɡaːe auˈlɛnti]; 4 December 1927 – 31 October 2012) was a prolific Italian architect, whose work spans industrial and exhibition design, furniture, graphics, stage design, lighting and interior design. "There are plenty of other talented female architects, but most of them seem to link up with men...I've always worked for myself, and it's been quite and education. Original cast-iron beams and plaster rosettes were contrasted with wire mesh partitions and new rough stone walls, on which the collection, of mainly French art from 1848 to 1915, was daringly hung. The houses she went on to design in the 70s and 80s shared a similarly postmodern sensibility. Quali sono state le caratteristiche del progetto di Gae Aulenti dedicato al Museo d’Orsay che le ha fatto vincere il bando di concorso internazionale? Jeremy Myerson, "Grande Dame" article in Design Week, 14 October 1994. This was the case of the Tavolo con Ruote, inspired by an industrial trolley used for glass transportation. The latter took the form of a series of mirrored steps, creating a kaleidoscopic ziggurat of typewriters that wrapped around a street corner, multiplying into infinity. - Aulenti in interview with Franco Raggi, "From a Great Desire to Build a City" published in. "One feels crowded, oppressed and empty in turn. Récupéré le 8 Juillet, 2012. Reacting against the dominance of modernism and the monotonous legacy of the Bauhaus, it argued for a revival of local building traditions and individual expression – something that Aulenti pursued in all aspects of her life, as a fierce opponent of fashion: "The moment it's loudly announced that red is in fashion," she once told Women's Wear Daily, "I want to dress in green.". Producteur - Knoll. With echoes of buttresses and primal pitched-roof forms, they reveal a taste for references to preclassical architecture and a sense of elementary construction. Erica Brown, "Interior Views" London 1980. A triple wooden frame with adjustable height and tilt thanks to indentations carved into the inside. Contemporary Architects. Aulenti's deep involvement in the Milan design scene of the 1950s and 1960s formed her into an architect respected for her analytical abilities to navigate metropolitan complexity no matter the medium. "Nowhere is it possible to escape from intrusions on the eye." While the debate over the gender pay gap in architecture – and not only – is growing louder nowadays, try to imagine how strenuous should have been for a female Italian architect with southern origins to stand out in a city like Milan in the 50’s. Nathan H. Shapira, "Design Processes Olivetti 1908-1978". "Advice to whoever asks me how to make a home is to not have anything, just a few shelves for books, some pillows to sit on. Mon 5 Nov 2012 16.22 GMT "But 20,000 people a day stand in line waiting to get in.". During her almost 20 years in that company, she introduced some emblematic pieces and a new intuitive design style that goes straight from the idea to the development of the prototype. It was the first time for an industrial building to be restored to host such an important museum, and being Gae Aulenti’s most important experimental project, it worked out beautifully: every year millions of visitors pack into the Musée d’Orsay for an immersion into the world of the impressionists. , Her career ended with over 200 built works. Design & Art: Products. Aulenti enjoyed what she called the "double ambiguity" of working in existing contexts, juxtaposing elements of the past with the present. It is most important to never create the problem. She also planned six stores for the fashion designer Adrienne Vittadini, including one on Rodeo Drive in Los Angeles. ", Aulenti, whose character was every bit as forceful as her architecture, was not fazed: "The press was very rude," she said frankly. - Aulenti in Margherita Petranzan, Gae Aulenti, Rizzoli Skira, Milan, 2002, "It's not possible to define a style in my work. Gae Aulenti (pronounced [ˈɡaːe auˈlɛnti]; 4 December 1927 – 31 October 2012) was a prolific Italian architect, whose work spans industrial and exhibition design, furniture, graphics, stage design, lighting and interior design. Période de conception - 1970. She had a modest style; Vogue quoted her as saying "advice to whoever asks me how to make a home is to not have anything, just a few shelves for books, some pillows to sit on. She was suffering from chronic illness and made her last public appearance on 16 October, when she received the career prize at the Milan Triennale. Her defiant disposition was evident from the beginning. It is a masterpiece whose 45° dovetail joints make it extremely sturdy. Place, time, and culture create that architecture, instead of another." Gae Aulenti Leggio d'Orsay Collapsable Wooden Book Stand by Bottega Ghianda. ^ L'adieu à Gae Aulenti, « l'architecture Mme, en la République, 1 Novembre de 2012.  Her architectural practice included many interior flat designs for corporate clients, including Fiat, Banca Commerciale Italiana, Pirelli, Olivetti, and Knoll International. But although Aulenti realized over 700 projects, she is relatively unknown outside her native Italy. Los Angeles, 1979. "I've always worked for myself, and it's been quite an education. - Aulenti quoted in The Times, "The conscious principle in this design has been to achieve forms that could create experiences, and that could at the same time welcome everyone's experiences with the serenity of an effortless development." In San Francisco, she transformed the city’s Beaux Art Main Library into a museum of Asian art. Musée d’Orsay – Paris.  She was well known for several large-scale museum projects, including the Musée d'Orsay in Paris (1980–86) with ACT Architecture, the Contemporary Art Gallery at the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the restoration of Palazzo Grassi in Venice (1985–86), and the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco with HOK (firm) (2000–2003). An object with an embracing sinuosity that distances itself from the squared geometry of the period: in 1962 Gae Aulenti designed the Sgarsul rocking chair for Poltronova, the Italian firm that was enjoying Ettore Sottsass’ original artistic direction in the same years. Women in architecture must not think of themselves as a minority, because the minute you do, you become paralysed. She caught the attention of Gianni Agnelli, chairman of the Fiat empire, for which she designed showrooms in Turin, Zurich and Brussels – dynamic compositions of contorted routes criss-crossing between cars raised on inclined platforms. Agnelli became a close friend and later commissioned her to renovate the Palazzo Grassi in Venice as an exhibition space, and to build a ski lodge in St Moritz. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980. ", • Gaetana Aulenti, architect and designer, born 4 December 1927; died 31 October 2012, Available for everyone, funded by readers. Her proposal transformed the cavernous central hall, a magnificent barrel-vaulted train shed lit by arching rooflights, into an open exhibition space, with the insertion of modern industrial materials. 100 Contemporary Architects. From Leclere , Gae Aulenti, Orsay, Low table (1976), Metal and plastic Her conceptual development can be followed in the design magazine Casabella, to which she contributed regularly..  She then also served as vice-president of the Italian Association Of Industrial Design (ADI). A portion of Aulenti's papers, drawings, and designs including the design drawings for the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco, California are collected at International Archive of Women in Architecture in Newman Library, Virginia Tech. Her contemporaries were Vittorio Gregotti, Giancarlo de Carlo and Aldo Rossi. - Aulenti, "When you're criticized for something, it's best to wait two or three years and see." In many ways they are a strong reflection of her character, described by the Italian writer Alberto Arbasino as "a cross between bucolic charm and the solid mentality of an engineer". About. And then, to take a stand against the ephemeral, against passing trends...and to return to lasting values." , Aulenti's work in theater was highly architectural, as she saw 'the scenic box not as a container to embellish and render recognizable in the sense of something already known, but as a real space in itself". , Selected Individual and Group Exhibitions, Gae Aulenti, Musée d’Orsay Architect, Dies at 84, "Torna la triennale di milano festa di architettura e design", "A Guide to the Gae Aulenti Architectural Collection, 1987-2003 Aulenti, Gae, Architectural Collection Ms2000-014", https://web.archive.org/web/20111016072543/http://www.designandart.at/designer/gae-aulenti/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gae_Aulenti&oldid=979804634, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, transforming historic public buildings into world renown museum spaces, Olivetti, Martinelli Luce Pipistrello Table Lamp, 1965, National Museum of Modern Art at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, 1982-1985, National Art Museum of Catalonia (MNAC) Restoration, 1990, Museum of Asian Art in San Francisco, 2003, Architecture Medal, Academie d' Architecture, Paris, 1983, Josef Hoffmann Prize, Hochschule fur Angewandte Kunst, Vienna, 1984, Chevalier de la Legion d' Honneur, France, 1987, Commandeur, Order des Artes et Letters, France, 1987, Honorary Dean of Architecture, Merchandise Mart of Chicago, 1988, Accademico Nazionale, Accademia di San Luca, Rome, 1988. ^ Toujours Gae Aulenti a conçu le Musée d'Orsay, en Corriere della Sera, 1 Novembre de 2012. Aulenti taught at Venice School of Architecture as an assistant instructor in architectural composition from 1960 to 1962 and at the Milan School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University from 1964 to 1967. Her freelance design work included products for Poltronova, Candle, Ideal Standard, Louis Vuitton, and Artemide, to name a few.. Mesures - largeur 86 cm X profondeur 86 cm X hauteur 42 cm. "It is a kind of Dantesque nightmare," agreed Building Design." She always wanted the focus of the room to be the occupants, believing people make the room a room. Her distinctive outlook soon found favour among the leading patrons of the time. And then, to take a stand against the ephemeral, against passing trends...and to return to lasting values.". ^ Histoire de la lumière - Biographie architecte italien Gae Aulenti, sur lightitaly.it. It is important to never create the problem." First published on Mon 5 Nov 2012 16.22 GMT. Milan 1979. But it is for her work in museums and exhibition design that she was best known – and for her largest project, which also proved to be her most divisive. "There are plenty of other talented female architects, but most of them seem to link up with men," said Aulenti, who divorced twice and is survived by her daughter, the costume designer Giovanna Buzzi, and a granddaughter. A native of Palazzolo dello Stella (Friuli), Gaetana Aulenti (Gae, as she was known, is pronounced similarly to "guy") studied to be an architect at the Milan School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University, and graduated in 1954 as one of two women in a class of 20. Marc Gaillard, Oeil Magazine, November 1990. Vittorio Gregotti, Emilio Battisti, Franco Quadri. Muriel Emmanuel. For Olivetti she conjured explosive shop windows for showrooms in Paris and Buenos Aires. Gaetana « Gae » Aulenti (née le 4 décembre 1927 à Palazzolo dello Stella, dans la province d'Udine, et morte le 31 octobre 2012 à Milan ) est une architecte, architecte d'intérieur et théoricienne d'architecture.Elle était renommée internationalement pour l'aménagement de plusieurs musées à … Is this an amusement park or a kindergarten? È la stessa Gae Aulenti a illustrarle: “Il mio principio era di proteggere il meglio possibile l’identità dell’edificio di Laloux (il progettista della Gare d’Orsay … "Aulenti has indulged herself in an aggressive orgy of ornamental excess," declared the Architects' Journal. But Gaetana Aulenti was one of a kind. She told The Times that she studied architecture in defiance of her parents’ hope that she would become “a nice society girl.” She soon joined the staff of Casabella, a design magazine, and joined with her peers in rejecting the architecture of masters like Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. One of her most famous pieces, a coffee table in the form of a thick square of glass supported on four black casters, is in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York.  She grew up playing the piano and reading books. Copywriter, storyteller and outstanding cook, traveling during winter to warmer places.  In 2011, Aulenti oversaw the expansion of Perugia Airport. The Italian designer gained international renown for her transformation of a Parisian train station into the Musée d’Orsay (1980–1986). 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How to grow a successful architecture & design profile on Instagram, Precious Plastic’s world’s first open-source building brick from plastic waste, Research vs Business in architecture – Martha Thorne and Laura Clèries. Born in the town of Palazzolo dello Stella, near Trieste, Gaetana Aulenti decided to study architecture as a form of rebellion against her parents' desires for her to become "a nice society girl". Branching into written publication, Aulenti joined the editorial staff at the design magazine Casabella-Continuità from 1955 until 1965 as an art director, doing graphic design work, and later served on the board of directors for the renamed Lotus International magazine (based in Milan from 1974 onwards).
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